Hot Spot and Dot
Adapted from the work presented to me by Dr. Wendy Cheyney.
Use hot spot and dot to figure out words that are unfamiliar. In order to use this strategy, the child should know the difference between a long vowel (or say-its-own-name vowel) and a short vowel sound (or say-its-other-sound vowel).
Students divide mult-syllable words using the rules that follow.
Steps to figuring out multi-syllable words:
- <LI class=handout>Spot the vowels. <LI class=handout>Dot the vowels. <LI class=handout>Connect the dots. <LI class=handout>Divide the word into parts. (Doesn't necessarily match syllable rules.)
- Figure out the vowel sounds. (Remember, if the rules don't work, try another sound.)
If there are 2 consonants, divide between them:
r (Say the u's other sound - not it's name.) 1-Consonant Rule
If there is 1 consonant, divide after the vowel.
ta ken (Say the a's name.)The Bossy /r/
If there is an /r/ after the vowel - keep the /r/ with the vowel and say the r-controlled vowel sound.
fur long (The u now has a new sound: /ur/)The /le/ Rule
The le grabs the consonant with before it.
ta bleSuffixes and Prefixes Rule
Suffixes and prefixes should be taken off immediately. Then work with the rest of the word.
mis represent ed