In the fall, I will be teaching in a 4K classroom. I know that I will need to teach letter and sound recognition and would like some suggestions as to how others have taught the letters to 4 year olds and the sequence. I know that their are several ways-like just alphabet in order, letter of the week or the sequence(don't know specific name) that teaches in certain order to help with word spelling later. Just looking for some suggestions as to which techniques have worked best for others. thanks
I would start by teaching your students the letters in their own name.
i teach Kindergarten and we use a program called Handwriting without Tears. They have a pre-k catalog that looks really cute. You might want to check it out. HWT gives a great order to teach the letters and explains why it makes so much sense. HWT us just great all around, I really LOVE it. If you ordered a catalog or checked their web site, you could explore if it was an option for you. Good luck!
I taught 4 year olds for a brief time but I used to teach the 3 year olds. What I did to help them learn their letters was to buy the alphabet cards (the kind you hang on the wall with all the letters and pictures on them). Then we would recite this simple chant. For example, the letter A had a picture of an apple on it, so my class would changt A A apple. B was bus so it was B B Bus and so. That helped them learn the picture and the letter. Also, I cut out all the alphabet letters on sand paper and would have the kids trace the letter with their fingers.
For the 4 year olds, I would take my cards and have them also chant this rhyme with my cards to teach sounds of the letters. A was Apple Apple (ah ah ah). B was Bus Bus (buh buh buh). I can tell you that it worked because the 4 year olds would go home and chant it at home or whenever they recongized a letter they would tell their parent what sound the letter made.
What also helped was that I printed out the letters of the alphabet in outline form in various fonts and had them color the inside. This helped them recognize how the letter looked in the various font styles.
Hope this helps. Any other questions, feel free to ask.
Just please be careful when you're teaching the sounds, because the letter "Bb" does NOT say, "buh." Us Kindergarten and 1st grade teachers really have a hard time RETEACHING the children, because they are so used to saying the "buh" sound, when in fact, the letter "Bb" says, "b", without the "uh" sound. It's the same with every other letter (except the vowels)- "Rr" says, "rrrrr", not "ruh" and so on... When they get to first grade, they will begin to write "buh" when they only have to write a "b." It's too much annunciation the way you are teaching them. Please be careful. Thanks for reading and have a great school year!
Thank you for specifying the importance of teaching correct sounds to students. I am a preschool teacher who just started at a new school where the teachers are teaching "Bah" "Kah" in stead of "b" and "K." Not only is it horribly annoying, but I am already seeing students struggle making the transition between saying the individual sounds and combining them into words. It is so important to teach this correctly!
I am teaching Title 1 to Kindergartners this year which is new for me. I was hoping for ideas, suggestions, games, books, or cds that relate to teaching letter sounds and letter recognition. On Monday and Tuesday one classroom teacher would like me to teach letters, sounds and numbers to 20. I really appreciate any help!
One game we play is "Charlie spys" (Charlie is the class teddy bear). One kid thinks of something in the room that starts w/ the letter we are working on. Then all of the kids take turns guessing (I give hints if it is taking a long time). The person who guesses it gets to hold Charlie and do the next one. During this if a child guesses something that starts with a different letter, I tell them and remind them of the letter sound (B says b, b, b) and have them try again.
I do a letter chant with my students...they all pick up the sounds very easily that way. For example..."M says mmmm" we slap our legs on M, clap our hands on "says" and then rub our tummies on "mmm". We do this for each letter...I made these up myself, so I don't have them written anywhere. Some other examples:
B- we pretend we are bouncing a ball
S- we form an s with our finger
Dr Jean has some great cds for this - on Sing to Learn she has a song called Alphardy - kids love it - we act out the sounds of letters - a for apple, b for bounce - g - gallop, etc. Jack Hartmann also has some on a few of his cds - check out their websites!
I recently went to preschoolexpress.com and made copies of templates for # recognition - on fish i put 1-20 dots from a clipart book i have and then on the cat i put the # - they have to count the # of dots on fish and find the cat that matches - i was surprised to find that they actually enjoyed this - some things are hit and miss - but i've been using lots of file folder games but instead of in a folder just use them at the table and hand out 'game cards' - the one with the most wins.
i've also played a game we call 'jellyfish' - its like hearts, but with SpongeBob cards - instead of hearts,clubs, diam., spades, there are jellyfish, sea flowers, spatulas, and crabby patties - we pass out the whole deck among 3-4 players and we keep our cards face up (lots don't know their #s, then we start w/2 of sea flowers and whoever puts down the Ace (Spongebob) gets to put down his lowest of whatever he has most of. kids love it!!
An Ohio teacher has developed a phonics program called Phonics Dance.
Her name is Ginny Dowd. My book is at school, but I am sure your could find information by "Google". I use the kindergarten letter sound chant and pictures starting at the beginning of the year. It has been very successful. The children learn letter sounds more readily than any other method that I have used.
The Master teacher I worked with while doing my student teaching use to tell me the same thing and it is so true. I can see a difference by the end of the year with children who come to us from other programs. I'm supervising a group of Pre K teachers and we are in a debate as to the best order in which to teach the alphabet. We are working on a letter a week, submerging the children in everything that makes the sound of that letter and making it fun and interesting for the children too. Some want to go straight through in order of the alphabet others want to skip around, putting off vowels for some and others tailoring the alphabet to go with certain times of the year like "V" at Valentines day. What are your thoughts?
It is okay to skip around learning the alphabet. I have some student that only knows some letters. I give them those letters to work with, just to build their confidence for other letters they think are more challenging. I have 3-5k students that are reading 1st grade level and others that don't recognize the letter in their name. It is difficult for me to work with the two extremes and not make them feel excluded or left out of anything. Do I teach at the lower level or both? Do I always divide them up? Do I partner them so the higher learner helps the lowers? Any suggestions?